Short Sale – What is it?
The Short Sale process is not as simple as some would think. Consumers are lead to believe a Short Sale is a way to avoid foreclosure however not everyone would qualify. You need to know the facts before considering this option. Let us explore in more detail what a Short Sale is. This is an option for some homeowners use when the bank, credit union or other types of lenders they have borrowed from provides them with the option of selling their home to a third party (generally the lender) for a price that is much lower than what they owe on the loan. Generally, if the homeowner is upside down on their loan a Short Sale may be an option.
The lender must approve this before it can go through. There is usually more than one reason lenders would choose to accept a Short Sale. The key reason is that it would cost them much less, than a foreclosure would. The expense to a lender for a foreclosure is astronomical so the alternative for a lender would allow them to recover at least a partial amount of what they would otherwise completely losing in a foreclosure sale. When a lender has several home loans that are non-performing, the Federal Reserve will often lower the amounts or even suspend funds they provide to the lenders. There are different options available so we will cover some of them.
A deficiency judgment in using this option for a Short Sale option, the homeowner would be held liable to pay whatever difference there may be in a Short Sale and the balance of their mortgage loan. It is important to note, that Short Sale information of a deficiency judgment will stay on a homeowners credit report until the balance is paid. Short Sales of this nature typically take numerous years to pay off, as the remaining balance generally equals thousands of dollars.
Another option is payment in full with pursuit of a deficiency judgment. This particular type of Short Sales option is the most common and popular choice among homeowners as they do not have to worry about the moneys that are required above the amount of what their property would sell. By this means, they are free and clear of obligations after the process is complete of Short Selling their property. It is best to consult with your particular lender to find out what their qualifications are related to the Short Sale option.
There are common Short Sales processes used by most lenders, the first step would be to contact your lender to discuss the options available to you regarding Short Sales. Each lender has procedures and qualifications so it is best to find out what your lender needs to start the process. The next step involves homeowners sending a letter to the escrow company and the property buyer that will list their detailed Short Sale information and authorizing the release of this information. The next step is the settlement statement holding the Short Sale information to be reviewed by the lender. This statement includes the price the property will be sold for, and itemized list of expenses involved, balances on the loans that remain and any other fees that may be applied to the closing of the entire process of the Short Sale.
In addition, the homeowner is required to write a letter of hardship that would include in-depth details in regards to the financial difficulties the homeowners are facing. Other items the lender will also need to see validate the necessity for Short Sales that include information of investment accounts, checking and savings accounts, pay stubs from the employer and any other financial records that would indicate a need for a Short Sale. The overall condition of the property as well as the prices of homes comparison that will determine a fair market value will be obtained by the lender through information the broker supplies. Lastly, the mortgage lender to determine if the amounts and conditions are reasonable and to ensure the commission on the real estate is acceptable will scrutinize all aspects of the Short Sale agreement.
There is a lot to consider for a Short Sale. In order to make an informed decision it is best to consult an expert in this area to make sure you make the right decision for your circumstances.